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CATTLE CONTROL

Ensuring cattle are at optimum health is important for welfare and productivity benefits. As with all species, parasite management control varies throughout the year with turnout and housing being the key periods for cattle.

DISEASES

Gastro-intestinal nematodes

Gastro-intestinal nematodes can cause clinical disease in animals and loss of production

  • Ostertagia ostertagi has potentially the most impact economically and can cause diarrhoea, thirst, bottle jaw and weight loss
  • Cooperia oncophora affects calves in their first grazing season. It is associated with loss of appetite and poor weight gain1
  • Rainfall, temperature, previous exposure and concurrent disease are all additional risk factors of GI disease

Liver fluke

Liver fluke has spread over the last decade and is now found across the country. This is due to:

  • Greater movement of infected animals
  • Inadequate (or sub-optimal) quarantine treatments
  • Changing weather patterns – increased rainfall and milder winters

The objective of liver fluke control is to reduce the risk of infection to a level that does not impact on animal welfare or affect the efficiency or economics of production

Liver fluke has 3 stages in the animal early immature, immature and adult all of which cause liver damage

Liver condemnations at slaughter or acute liver fluke disease are obvious losses. Subclinical disease cause:

  • Reduced milk yield and quality:
    • Milk yield losses of up to 1 kg per day over a 305 day lactation2
    • Reduced milk butterfat concentration
  • Reduced reproduction:
    • Reduced conception rates in heifers by 50%3
    • First oestrus in dairy heifers delayed by 39 days4
  • Reduced growth rates:
    • Reduced live weight gain by up to 1.2 kg per week2

Flies

In the warmer, summer months, flies cause irritation, stress and seriously affect cattle productivity due to reduced weight gain and milk yields.5,6

Flies are also responsible for the spread of significant cattle diseases such as summer mastitis, salmonella and New Forest Eye (Moraxella bovis7,8

The most common species that affect cattle productivity are:

  • Non biting flies – house flies and face flies – these flies do not bite, but they breed easily in manure, quickly forming large numbers which can cause great irritation and transmit diseases. Animals that are distracted by flies will graze less and hence not perform as well.
  • Biting flies – horse flies and stable flies – these flies deliver extremely painful bites, with both males and females feeding on blood. Horn Flies are blood sucking flies and are extremely irritating and can cause production losses.

Lice

Lice are mainly a problem with housed cattle in the winter. It can reduce cattle productivity and also downgrades the leather.

  • Symptoms include itching, hair loss, hide damage and anaemia (sucking lice).
  • There are sucking and biting lice:
    • Sucking lice pierce the skin and suck the blood and can cause anaemia. They tend to be found around the head and neck of cattle;
    • Biting lice feed on skin debris, blood and scabs. They tend to be found on the neck, shoulders, back and rump.

Mange

Mange mites cause irritation, thickened scaly skin, hair loss, hide damage and reduced productivity. It is mainly a problem in autumn, winter and early spring. Different mites are commonly found in different body areas as follows:

  • Surface mites – neck, legs and tail head, causing areas of hair loss which increases in size and causes irritation;
  • Burrowing mites – neck and loin area next to the tail, producing intense irritation and severe skin damage. Large areas become thick, crusted and eventually infected;
  • Psoroptic mange – back, shoulders and tail head causing severe dermatitis, scabs and intense itching.

PRODUCTS

Flypor®

Flypor is an insecticide containing the synthetic pyrethroid pemethrin.

Product benefits

  • Broad spectrum product (contains pemethrin)
    • The only snythetic pyrethroid pour-on to control lice (both biting and sucking) and treat mange (sarcoptic and chorioptic) in the autumn and winter months10
    • Also controls flies and midges8 in both dairy and beef cattle
    • An alternative product to MLs for treating lice and mange in cattle
    • Use from 1 week old
    • Hassle free: can be used in cows and calves
  • Short milk withdrawal (6 hours)
  • 3 day meat withdrawal period
Flypor

Dectomax® Pour On

Dectomax is a broad spectrum parasiticide for topical administration to cattle.

Product benefits

  • Persistent protection:
    • Provides broad spectrum cover for stomach, intestinal and lungworm, longest action against Cooperia spp. (gutworm)
  • Flexibility around housing:
    • Due to its persistent activity, Dectomax Pour-On can be used from up to five weeks pre-housing to control parasites during the housing period
    • 28-days action against Cooperia spp.
    • 42-days action against lungworm (dictyocaulus)
    • 35-days persistency against ostertagia
    • Dectomax is the only endectocide with licensed persistency against three species of lice11
    • Rainfast – ideal for any cattle treated outside9
  • 35 days meat withdrawal period
Dectomax Pour On

Dectomax® Injection

Dectomx Injection treats and controls both internal and external parasites in cattle.

Product benefits

  • Controls important GI nematodes
    • Treatment and control of a range of gastrointestinal roundworms, lungworms, eyeworms, warbles, lice and mange mites
  • Reduces build up of infective larvae on pasture
    • Can protect animals from parasitic gastroenteritis and parasitic bronchitis throughout the grazing season
  • Development of natural immunity
    • Treatment at turnout and eight weeks later of cattle set-stocked for the grazing season can protect against clinical disease caused by lungworm. May allow development of naturally acquired immunity
  • 70 days meat withdrawal period
Dectomax Injection

Fasinex® 240

Fasinex 240 is a concentrated, low volume flukicide for dairy and beef cattle.

Product benefits

  • Kills all 3 stages of fluke
    • Contains triclabendazole the only active to kill all 3 stages of liver fluke: adult, immature and early immature
  • Ideal housing dose
    • Recommended for use two weeks after housing where there is risk of disease from early immature and immature fluke
  • Offers productivity benefits
    • Benefits include improved yields, more milk solids and up to a 47% improvement in calving rates3
  • Easy to use
    • Concentrated, low volume drench in a single oral dose
Fasinex 240

Combinex® Cattle

Combinex is effective for the combined treatment of liver fluke and worms in cattle. Combining the active, triclabendazole, which kills all stages of triclabendazole susceptible fluke, alongside a broad spectrum levamisole wormer, Combinex is an easy-to-use drench.

Product benefits

  • Kills all 3 stages of fluke
    • Contains triclabendazole the only active ingredient to kill all 3 stages of liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica): adult, immature and early immature
  • Combination product
    • Contains triclabendazole and levamisole hydrochloride, providing control of both liver fluke and worms in one convenient drench.
Combinex Cattle